Cat5 – An Ideal Choice for Network Cabling

Cat5 – An Ideal Choice for Network Cabling is the backbone of any network. Proper designing and installation of cabling is required to meet the communication requirements. Most of the network problems are the result of data cabling issues. The cabling work must be assigned to a skilled and experienced professional.

Today’s telecommunication infrastructure provides flexibility for all the users to use any kind of data including audio, video and pictures. The network infrastructure must be compatible with present and future applications. High-performance cabling standard, Category 5 (Cat5), is the best choice for such cabling designs and installations.

What is Cat5 cabling?

Cat5 specifications were defined by the Telecommunications Industry Association for building commercial telecommunications. Cat5 is the fifth generation of twisted pair Ethernet technology. Cat5 is an Ethernet network cable suitable for voice and data communication. It provides networking at a Fast Ethernet speed (up to 100 MHz). Cat5 cabling can work over a distance of 100 cm (328 feet). It can be extended further by using hardware such as, a switch or repeater if necessary.

Types of Cat5 cable
Cat5 cable comes in two varieties:

SCTP: SCTP stands for Screened Twisted Pair. It is commonly used in Europe. It shields the wires from electrical interference. As compared to UTP, it supports the transmission for longer distance.

UTP: UTP stands for Unshielded Twisted Pair. It is commonly used in the USA.

Pinout Designs of Cat5 Cable
The three different wiring alternatives for cat5 cable connection are as follows:

Straight through: It is the cable that runs from a computer to a switch.
Crossover cable: It is used to connect two switches or computers.
Roll-over: It connects a computer to a router.

Enhanced Cat5 (Cat5e or Cat 5e) cable
Cat5e is an enhanced version of Cat5. It supports networking at a higher speed. It is backward-compatible with the older version Cat5. This means that the network infrastructure with Cat5 cable can be extended with Cat5e cable. Cat 5e reduces the interference between wires within the cable.

Applications
Cat 5/5e is the most suitable cable for network applications for home, small business or local area network (LAN). These Ethernet cables support high speeds and are easily affordable. They are ideal for the following applications:

Voice networks
Token ring networks
ATMs

There are several organizations that provide the networking services. Be careful in hiring them as their skills will define the communication over your network. Ask them about their plan for executing the project. Confirm that structured Cat 5 cabling is used for both voice and data networks.