Impact of Nutrition & Physical Activity

Bladder Cancer

Cancer risk factors are smoking and exposure to the chemical industry. Limited range of evidence suggests that drinking excess fluids and eat lots of vegetables, may reduce risk.

Breast Cancer

The risk is increased due to a variety of reproductive factors and other factors that can not be modified include maternal age> 30 years at the time of the first pregnancy, menopause at a later age, and family history of breast cancer. Various new evidence proves that the number of exposure during life or in utero, may affect the risk of breast cancer.

Weight gain during adulthood may increase cancer risk in postmenopausal women, caused by rising levels of estrogen produced by fat tissue as an extra.

Until now, the best advice to reduce the risk of breast cancer is to perform moderate to strenuous physical activity for 45-60 minutes of> 5x a week, maintain a body weight that is not up to the limit of calories with regular physical activity and avoiding alcoholic beverages.

Colorectal Cancer

Smoking habit for a long time and the possibility of excessive alcohol drinking, increases the risk. Obesity increases the risk of colon cancer in women and men, but this association appears to be stronger in men. A diet high in fruits and vegetables lowers the risk, otherwise a diet high in processed meats and / or red meat increases the risk of colon cancer.

Vitamin D or vitamin D combined with calcium can prevent colorectal cancers. If there is potential for prostate cancer are higher in relation to calcium intake, it is advisable to limit calcium intake <1500 mg / day in men.

Endometrial Cancer

Various epidemiological evidence and klinikopatologik indicate the presence of 2 types of this cancer. Type 1 endometrial cancer (low grade) most commonly found, and has dealt with hormones, hyperplasia symptoms and tend to have a good prognosis. 11 types of endometrial cancer (high-grade) is approximately 10% of all endometrial cancers and are not associated with hormones, endometrial atrophy symptoms and tend to have a poor prognosis.

Most of the major risk factors for type 1 endometrial cancer is long-term and excessive exposure of the endometrium to estrogen is not balanced by progesterone, such as post-menopausal estrogen therapy, contraception and obesity (strong evidence abesitas associated with this cancer.

In premenopausal women, the increased risk associated with insulin resistance, increased ovarian androgen, progesterone deficiency and chronic anovulation with excess weight. In postmenopausal women, the increased risk associated with increased levels of estrogen in the blood circulation is formed from androstenedione to estrone changes in fat tissue.

Vegetable and fiber intake may reduce the risk, while red meat, saturated fats, and animal fats can increase the risk. For now, the best advice endometrial cancer is to maintain a healthy weight through diet and regular physical activity, and particularly plant-based foods that are rich in vegetables, whole grains, and nuts.