Bright child is not necessarily due to heredity from his parents alone. There are three factors that affect the rate of growth and the level of intelligence of a child, namely heredity, environmental factors, and nutritional factors.
Heredity or genetics of both parents was only contribute about 30 to 40% of the intelligence of a child. Environmental factors are the daily circumstances faced by the child, which ultimately influence intelligence. A smart child should always be trained skills and his ability to maintain his intelligence, because if it is not sharpened, so that potential can be reduced or may be lost.
Nutritional factors may include sufficient amounts of nutrients for growth and brain development of a child. These factors greatly contribute to the intelligence of a child due to malnutrition or malnutrition will lower the quality of a child’s brain.
During pregnancy, the fetal brain known to require a lot of energy for its development, which is about 70%. Although the mass of the fetal brain is 16% of his body mass. The energy can be obtained from the mother’s nutritional intake through.
Growth of brain cells in childhood last a very perfect. If nutritional factors are not considered properly, then chances imperfections brain cell growth can occur.
The main components forming the brain is fat, while forming part of a new nerve cells in the brain is protein. In addition, certain vitamins and minerals also contribute to the growth of a child’s brain.
One of the important things in the brain is spingomielin developments. Spingomielin is a form of spingolipid, which is a lipid complex in the brain. If the food consumed nutrients a child is less, then the content of spingomielin in his brain will also be low. Spingomielin body needs to depend on food consumed each day and the result itself spingomielin synthesis in the body. Approximately 0.1-1% fat cow’s milk consists of phospholipids, of which 30% are spingomielin. Breast milk also contains spingomielin.
Breast milk is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acid or PUFA). PUFA types that contribute to a child’s intelligence is AA (arachidonic acid) and DHA (Docosa Hexanoic Acid). AA and DHA is an important component of brain cells due to approximately 25% fat constituent of the brain consists of DHA. DHA contributes to the growth of the baby’s brain since I was in the womb until birth and growing up.
In addition to brain growth, PUFAs also contribute to cognitive ability and visual acuity. While still in the womb, babies acquire PUFA intake directly through the placenta. After birth, the baby can get it through breast milk and other foods such as eggs, fish, and meat.